As one of the city's symbols,the image of a goat is found on Samara's coat of arms.
Samara sits on the Volga river , a great Russian river which is also the longest in Europe at 3530 km and one of the largest in the world .
The theater opened on June 1, 1931 with the opera Boris Godunov. Great names of the time are at its source, such as the composer and conductor Anton Eichenwaldt, the conductors Ary Pazovsky (1887-1953) and Isidore Zak (1909-1998), etc. Singers like Alexandre Donski, Natalia Spiller (1909-1995) and Larissa Boreïko performed there. Evguenia Lopoukhova (who was part of Diaghilev's troupe in Paris), from the Mariinsky Theater, was the first director of the ballet troupe. Among the ballet masters, there was Natalia Danilova (1905-1985), a former student of Agrippina Vaganova, Alla Chelest (1919-1998), or Nikita Dolgouchine (1938-2012) In the 1930s, the repertoire of the theater consisted of the great operas of Tchaikovsky, Glinka, Rimsky-Korsakov, Borodin, Dargomyjski, Rossini, Verdi, Puccini, etc., and ballets by Tchaikovsky, Minkus or Adam (Giselle); but there were also many performances of contemporary works, such as the creation of Anton Eichenwaldt's opera La Steppe, or Gustav Kreitner's Tania operas (1903-1958) and Vissarion Shebalin's Tame Shrew (1902-1963). ).
During the Great Patriotic War, the Bolshoi Theater was evacuated to Samara (then called Kuybyshev) and big names performed at the Opera, such as Ivan Kozlovsky, Maxime Mikhailov, Mark Reisen, Valeria Barsova, Natalia Spiller, Olga Lepechinskaya, and conductors Samuel Samossoud, Yuri Fayer, and Alexander Melik-Pashaiev.
A historical event occurs when Shostakovich's symphony no. 7 was first performed in public on March 5, 1942 under the baton of Samuel Samossoud.