The fair of Nizhny Novgorod was a fair in Russia held every year July near the monastery of Makarievo on the left bank of the Volga River from the middle of the 16th century to 1816. Following a bigger fire in 1816, it was moved in Nizhny Novgorod, but for a few decades afterwards, it was still commonly known as the Makarievo Fair. It has attracted many foreign traders from India, Iran and Central Asia.
According to Durland, a journalist who visited the fair in 1905, the fair dates back to "before the discovery of America." The fair was established by the Muscovite princes to compete and withdraw the trade, a fair organized since 1257, in Kazan, the capital of Tartarus. At the time Durland visited the fair, there were 60 buildings, 2,500 bazaars and 8,000 exhibits, with property for sale, as well as a wide range of shows for the public.
This fair was a trading center to sell up to half of the total production of export products in Russia. The fair ceased in 1929. A company named Nijegorodskaya Armarka (Russian: Nizhny Novgorod, the fair of Nizhny Novgorod) was established in 1991 with its headquarters in the former grand main salon. However, today is not really a fair, but an exhibition center.
Kanavinsky Bridge will take you over to Strelka District where the Oka and Volga rivers are . At the end of the 19th century two cities meged together, and become host of the largest fair anywhere in the country or the world: the Nizhny Novgorod Fair.
Today you can find the only reminder of its architectural glory is the Main Exhibition Hall, and it also hosts modern-day shows and forums